How do you eat a dragon fruit (pitahaya)?

With its bright red color, the dragon fruit stands out on every fruit shelf. But how do you best prepare them? Here you will learn how to eat a dragon fruit.

Dragon fruit pitahaya

The pitahaya is a cactus fruit and also known as dragon fruit due to its appearance. (Photo by: © dream79 /

Pitahayas, also called dragon fruits for simplicity, are the berry fruits of the subtropical cactus species Hylocereus and are grown in Central America

The egg-shaped fruit, which has a sweet to sour taste, is littered with large, wart-like humps, the spines of which had been removed before export. It can weigh up to 500 grams.

The whitish and jelly-like pulp is interspersed with edible small black seeds. The kernels can promote digestion. Dragon fruits contain numerous minerals such as phosphorus, iron and calcium. They also provide vitamins C, E and B .

We usually offer 3 different types:

  • pink skin with white flesh
  • pink bowl with red pulp
  • yellow skin with white flesh

Info: 100 grams of dragon fruit have only 36 kcal as well as around 7 carbohydrates and only about 6 grams of sugar.

How to eat a pitahaya

The ripe, red or golden yellow dragon fruits are eaten like prickly pears ; only halved in length and spooned, they taste very refreshingly sour and have a tropical pear-kiwi-strawberry aroma.

  • Halve the fruit lengthways with a fruit knife and then spoon out the flesh.
  • The fruit can also be cut into wedges after halving. Then the pulp is diced to fit your mouth.

Info: The aromatic pulp of the pitahaya is a pleasure - however, the skin of the dragon fruit contains toxins. Therefore the bowl is inedible.

Purchasing and storage

Pitahayas are offered in our regions from June to December in the second half of the year. The ripeness of each fruit can be checked quite easily.

  • The ripe fruit peels have a bright yellow or pink color (but should no longer be greenish).
  • The fruit yields easily and elastically at the gentle push of a finger.
  • Pitahayas are kept at room temperature, pressure points should be avoided.
  • Ripe fruits can only be kept for 4-5 days at room temperature in the vegetable compartment, they keep for around 8-10 days.

Tip: To keep the bowl in its beautiful color during storage, you can moisten it with a little water once a day.

The dragon fruit is low in fat and has only a few calories, 36 kcal per 100 grams of pulp.

The dragon fruit is low in fat and has only a few calories, 36 kcal per 100 grams of pulp. (Photo by: kriangphoto31 /

Use of the pitahayas

  • Pure, pitahayas taste refreshingly sour .
  • They are also a pleasure in fresh fruit salads.
  • In combination with aromatic mandarins, the meat of the dragon fruit goes well with leafy salads, such as arugula.
  • They are often used for decorations due to their unusual, exotic shape and bowl . Pitahayas decorate tables, plates and cold plates.
  • The pulp can also be used wonderfully for smoothies .
  • In addition, cake decorations with the triggered flesh are very beautiful and unusual.