Broccoli has a lot of names, but it's also a very special vegetable. Broccoli is also rich in nutrients and vitamins and has anti-cancer substances, which makes it unique among vegetables. Find out more about broccoli here.
Broccoli is easy to digest and ideal for light food. (Photo by: © Nitr / fotolia.com)
Italian asparagus or green cauliflower (= cauliflower) - broccoli is known by many names. He originally comes from Asia Minor. It was the French Queen Catherine of Medici who made broccoli popular in France and then in Italy in the 16th century.
Broccoli does not grow everywhere because it is not hardy . The broccoli that is eaten in Europe usually comes from Italy and from the region around Verona. Broccoli has the nickname green cauliflower (= cauliflower) because it is very closely related to the white cauliflower (= cauliflower).
How to cook broccoli
Broccoli is a rather delicate vegetable and must therefore be treated accordingly.
- You should only buy broccoli that is dark green or teal . If there are already yellow spots, then it is not quite as fresh.
- Broccoli should not be washed, but only briefly rinsed with cold water so that the fine florets do not break.
- The woody style ends should be cut away, the large leaves should also be removed. Then you can cut off the head from the stalk and cut the broccoli into florets.
- In a large saucepan, bring the water to a boil and carefully add the broccoli cut into florets to the water. With broccoli, the cooking water can be salted a little more.
- Broccoli should be cooked for a maximum of 4-6 minutes and no longer, otherwise you will no longer have florets, but only an unsightly porridge.
- After boiling, pour immediately into a colander and quench with ice water (or cold water), then the broccoli will keep its beautiful green color .
Tip: You can also boil the peeled stalk, like the florets, in salted water - but it should boil in salted water for 2-3 minutes longer.
Info: Since broccoli has a special aroma, it doesn't go well with too many spices. Grated nutmeg and garlic are best, but roasted pine nuts and almonds also taste great with broccoli.
Other methods of preparing broccoli:
- Blanch : put in boiling salted water for 2 minutes to keep it crispy.
- Steaming : either in a steam cooker or in a saucepan with a little oil and very little water and the lid closed for around 7 minutes - this means that the least nutrients are lost.
- Roasting : You can fry it briefly in a pan (e.g. wok) - but you should only put the broccoli in the pan at the end of the frying time.
- Baking : Simply brush the florets and the stalk with oil and season as desired and bake for a good 20 minutes in a preheated oven at 200 degrees (top-bottom heat).
- Eat raw : Yes, you can also eat the broccoli florets raw - you shouldn't necessarily eat the stalk raw.
Store broccoli correctly
It is best to enjoy the vegetables fresh and not to store them for too long. In the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator, wrapped in cling film, the broccoli usually stays fresh for 3-4 days .
Of course you can also freeze the broccoli. To do this, blanch the florets and the stalk for a short time - afterwards it can be kept in the freezer bag for 10-12 months.
Healthy and versatile
Broccoli with its fine florets is a true vitamin donor.
Broccoli is one of the healthiest vegetables there is - it is rich in:
- many different vitamins and fiber
In addition, it can be eaten raw and cooked in many different ways.
Tips in the kitchen …
- Broccoli is a great starter - with a simple, light sauce, warm only with a little grated parmesan or in a delicate vinaigrette, broccoli tastes great.
- Broccoli is also a pleasure as a side dish with meat or fish.
- It tastes just as good with brown butter or an aromatic cheese sauce as with a hollandaise sauce or even in the manner of a Polish cauliflower sprinkled with breadcrumbs and a chopped egg.
- Prepared similar to a spinach quiche, a broccoli quiche becomes a delicious and filling main course.
- If you want to enjoy broccoli raw, you can also eat it like a paprika or cucumber with a fresh dip, but it always remains healthy and delicious.
If you've got an appetite for broccoli, here are some great recipes to cook:
- Broccoli with crumbs
- Broccoli with almonds
- Broccoli puree
- Broccoli cream soup
- Broccoli penne
- Broccoli casserole
- more broccoli recipes